Artificial Intelligence, Threats, Challenges and Opportunities - Prometea, the First Predictive Artificial Intelligence at the Service of Justice is Argentinian

Juan Gustavo Corvalán

Résumé

[extract] Towards the end of this second decade of the XXI century, technological advances are transforming science fiction into reality. Until a few years ago, it was utopian for the following questions to become a challenge for the legal systems: Who’s responsible for the consequences of intelligent machine functioning (autonomous vehicles, amongst others)? How can we guarantee the human auto-determination in the artificial intelligence era? How is it possible to “program” the artificial intelligence in order to be able to include a legal and ethical approach? Is it feasible to consider the access to artificial intelligence as a right? How can we avoid artificial intelligence from worsening the inequalities between people? The answers to these questions demand a transcendent effort to rethink and innovate about the challenges of the new revolution that new that we are going through.

During the last three centuries, three major industrial revolutions are usually mentioned. The first one related to the development of railroads and the steam engine in order to mechanize production. The second one related to electrical energy and the assembly line to develop mass production. The third revolution revolves around the emergence of electronics computers and the information technology to automate production. We are currently undergoing a new revolution that is linked to several phenomena (nanotechnology, biotechnology, robotics, internet of things, 3D printing). The most disruptive phenomenon is the development of artificial intelligence (hereinafter also AI), that is presented as an innovation connected to the technological advances pertaining to information and data processing (also in this area there are other inventions from the last century such as computers, internet, the world wide web – www- search engines, and others that can be mentioned). The epicenter of the “Fourth Industrial Revolution” is the exponential increase of two factors; the storage capacity and processing speed of the information and data.

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